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2022, npj Mental Health Research. DOI: 10.1038/s44184-022-00011-w
The mental health and well-being profile of young adults using social media
Nina H. Di Cara , Lizzy Winstone , Luke Sloan , Oliver S. P. Davis , Claire M. A. Haworth
Abstract:
AbstractThe relationship between mental health and social media has received significant research and policy attention. However, there is little population-representative data about who social media users are which limits understanding of confounding factors between mental health and social media. Here we profile users of Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat and YouTube from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children population cohort (N = 4083). We provide estimates of demographics and mental health and well-being outcomes by platform. We find that users of different platforms and frequencies are not homogeneous. User groups differ primarily by sex and YouTube users are the most likely to have poorer mental health outcomes. Instagram and Snapchat users tend to have higher well-being than the other social media sites considered. Relationships between use-frequency and well-being differ depending on the specific well-being construct measured. The reproducibility of future research may be improved by stratifying by sex and being specific about the well-being constructs used.
2022-12-22 21:45:00
#paper doi:10.1038/s44184-022-00011-w Mental Health Research (2022), The mental health and well-being profile of young adults using social media. 青(少)年社交媒体的使用历来吸引人的关注,研究者和政策制定者都对社交媒体使用与心理健康的关系都予以重视,然而,社交媒体对青年心理的影响并不为人所知,对他们关系的影响因素也知之甚少,甚至存在误解。当前研究被试广泛选取了Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat和YouTube用户,共计有4083人,均为同辈群体。在当前研究中,研究者采用了追踪研究设计。研究者全面测量了抑郁症状、自杀想法、饮食失调、幸福感、生活满意度、感恩和人生意义等表征心理健康的变量,同时测量了自我决定理论中的三个基本心理需要,也测量了社交媒体的使用情况,包括是否使用软件以及使用频率等情况。当前研究最有价值的发现是,不同类型的社交媒体使用并不必然会导致青少年心理健康变好或变坏,结果因使用软件类型和性别等的差异而有所不同。当前研究有助于我们了解此前研究出现不同结果的原因,也有助于我们了解青少年社交媒体使用的情况。
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