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2020, Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100852 PMID: 32890958 PMCID: PMC7479325
The association between parenting and the error-related negativity across childhood and adolescence
Lyndsey Juliane Chong, Isaac Ali Mirzadegan, Alexandria Meyer
Abstract:
Anxiety is the most common form of psychopathology, and it is often characterized by chronic impairment across the lifespan. Researchers have identified core neural markers that confer risk for anxious outcomes. An increased error-related negativity (ERN) in anxious individuals has been shown to prospectively predict onset of anxiety disorders across development. Hence, it is critical to examine environmental factors that may shape the ERN. In the current study, we use a large sample of 170 female adolescents aged 10-17 to investigate whether the ERN mediates the relationship between parenting style and anxiety diagnostic status. This study replicates previous findings, and it extends previous work by suggesting that this relationship is more robust in young children as compared to adolescents. Interventions targeting the ERN via parenting may be most effective during childhood.
2022-02-14 11:20:00
#paper doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100852 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 2020, The association between parenting and the error-related negativity across childhood and adolescence。此前,关于父母教养方式的研究大多采用问卷法和观察法此类经典的心理学研究方法,很少有将其与生理指标关联的研究。焦虑障碍与一个脑电指标错误相关负电位(Error-related negativity, ERN)相关,焦虑个体的ERN的升高通常意味着焦虑障碍的出现,已有的元分析也表明,ERN与焦虑可能存在中等水平的相关效应。该研究将其与父母的教养方式这一能够诱发焦虑的环境因素联系到一起,探讨了严厉的威权型教养方式是否会影响ERN。基于女性青少年的研究发现,年龄会调节威权型教养方式与ERN的关系,年龄越大,这一关系越不明显。这一结果为焦虑儿童的干预提供了启发。
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